Following Gold, Finding Timber and a Place to Call Home
George Washington Stiles and Mary Jane Cunningham
George Washington Stiles
George Washington Stiles was born at Cape Breton, Nova Scotia in July of 1835. According to US census information, both of his parents were U.S. born, his father in Massachusetts and his mother in Ohio.
According to the 1900 census his family returned to the U.S. in 1844. In 1857 George was living in the Boston area and on August 17 of that year, he enlisted in the U.S. Army, as a blacksmith. The 1860 census, enumerated September 5th of 1860, shows that George was stationed at Fort Defiance, in the New Mexico Territory. He probably was there to witness the Navajo attack, which occurred in April of that year.
George mustered out of the Army on August 17, 1863, in Williamsburg, Virginia. He would get as far as Chicago, where he would put down roots, for a time.
Mary Jane Cunningham
Mary Jane Cunningham was born in New York on April 1, 1840 to Edward and Mary Cunningham. Not much else is known of Mary Jane’s early life but she too went West to Chicago.
George and Mary Jane were married on December 26, 1864, in Cook County Illinois. In October of 1865, their first child, a son they named George Washington Stiles, Jr. was born. By 1870 they had moved to Will County Illinois and were living in Joliet and they had added another son Walter, to their growing family. George was working as a carpenter.
The Journey West
George and Mary Jane, would move to Dickinson County, Kansas about 1877 and were living in Logan Township, when the 1880 US census was enumerated in June, of that year. While living in Dickinson County, two of their children Mary Ida and Cora would die. Mary Ida at age five and Cora at birth, both are buried in the Belle Springs River Brethren Cemetery, in Dickinson County.
Most of the family would stay in Kansas until about 1890, or so. There are newspaper articles that provide information to suggest George Sr. and Mary Jane settled in Washington State, for a time. However, according to George’s obituary he actually first settled in Moscow, Latah County, Idaho in 1889. Below is an article, from the local Kansas newspaper, referencing George Jr. contemplating his move West:
“NAVARRE NUGGETS” –George Stiles talks of going to Washington where his father is now located. — (source) Abilene Weekly Reflector, Abilene Kansas – January 8, 1891
By October George Sr. and Mary Jane were in Idaho. George Jr., along with his wife Ada and brother-in-law Edwin S. Heaton left for Idaho:
“Navarre Nuggets.” –E. Heaton and George Stiles and wife start for Idaho tomorrow. — (Source) Abilene Daily Reflector, Abilene Kansas – October 28, 1891
George Jr. sent word back to Kansas in December of the same year and he didn’t seem to be enjoying the climate in his new home:
“Navarre Nuggets.” –George Stiles writes from Idaho that it has rained every day since he went there and that people who intend to live there ought to have feathers on their backs and be web footed. — (Source) –Abilene Weekly Reflector, Abilene Kansas – December 3, 1891
George Jr. and his wife Ada (Heaton) stayed in Idaho until July of 1892 and then returned to Kansas:
George Stiles and wife returned from Idaho Wednesday, George says Kansas is a better place to live and has come back to make this his future home. — (Source) –Abilene Weekly Reflector, Abilene Kansas – July 7, 1892
George Sr., Mary Jane and their children Walter, Albert and Emma stayed in Idaho. George homesteaded a place on Upper Fords Creek, near present day Weippe. The original cabin from the property was moved in 1960, to its current location on U.S. Highway 12, in Orofino. It is now known as the Tall Pine Cabin, my Grandmother Stila (Harlan) Gleason and her siblings were born on their grandparents homestead.
George died on January 4, 1907:
Lewiston Evening Teller – January 14, 1907
George W. Stiles, who died January 4, at his home on Upper Ford’s creek of jaundice, came to Moscow in 1889 from Kansas. Later his son Walt, took up a homestead near Pierce City to which the family moved in 1894. Later Mr. Stiles took a homestead on Ford’s creek on which the family resided at the time of his death. He leaves a wife, three sons and a daughter.
Mary Jane died January 27, 1913:
Clearwater Republican – January 30, 1913
Died:–In Orofino, Jan. 27, 1913, Mrs. Mary Stiles, age 73 years. Was buried in Orofino cemetery at 1:00 P. M. today.
George was originally interred at the Cook Cemetery; he was later moved:
Clearwater Republican – September 5, 1913
W. E. Stoddard, the Gifford-Orofino undertaker, came over Wednesday and went out to Fords Creek cemetery yesterday and disinterred the body of George W. Stiles and reburied it in the Orofino cemetery.
George and Mary are both now buried at Hill Cemetery, in Orofino, along with their daughter Emma, son Albert and granddaughter Stila.
Their daughter Emma Caroline would marry John Paxon Harlan and many of their descendants still live in the Clearwater Valley area.
George Jr. and his wife would return to Idaho in 1909 and later relocate to Spokane, Washington, where they lived out their lives; both are buried Riverside Memorial Park.
Walter and Albert would continue working in the mining industry and have very adventurous and interesting lives. Neither of them ever married.